How to improve your egg quality and get pregnant

améliorer la qualité des ovocytes

The egg quality is fundamental for the success of in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatments since good quality eggs significantly increase the chances of success in a treatment.

This vital aspect of female fertility can be influenced by a number of factors, including age, lifestyle and general health.We spoke to Dr. Marta Zermiani how to address and improve egg quality.

female fertility age

What is it?

Egg quality refers to the ability of eggs to be fertilised and develop healthy embryos, which is essential for reproductive success.

In contrast to quantity, which refers to the number of eggs available, quality focuses on their genetic and structural viability. It is crucial in fertility, as even a large number of eggs does not guarantee success if their quality is low.

In female fertility, it is one of the most important aspects of achieving pregnancy, as egg quality declines with age, affecting the chances of conceiving naturally or through IVF.

What worsens egg quality? Causes of poor egg quality

mejorar la calidad ovocitaria

Common causes of poor egg quality include mainly:

  • Age, with the decline in ovarian reserve being more pronounced after the age of 35.
  • Other risk factors include unhealthy lifestyles such as smoking.
  • BMI and obesity
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Exposure to environmental toxins
  • In addition, medical conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)  and endometriosis  can negatively affect egg quality.
  • Genetics also plays a role
  • Chronic stress

Improving egg quality

How to improve egg quality with nutrition

Egg quality can be significantly influenced by changes in diet and lifestyle.

According to Dr. Marta Zermiani, in order to improve egg quality through diet, it is recommended to incorporate foods rich in:

  • Antioxidants such as fruits and vegetables, which combat oxidative damage.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish and nuts, promote a healthy cellular environment.
  • Key vitamins such as D, E, and B complex, as well as minerals such as zinc and selenium, are essential for egg maturation and quality.
  • Limiting caffeine intake and avoiding processed foods also contribute to improving female fertility.
mejorar la calidad ovocitaria

Does lifestyle improve egg quality?

While there are no studies to support that lifestyle improves egg quality, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding smoking and alcohol, and reducing stress all contribute positively to improving our bodies.

These measures, together with regular physical activity, not only benefit fertility but also general well-being, creating an optimal environment for conception.

Increasing success rates in cases of low ovarian reserve

Apart from following a healthy lifestyle, at Vida Fertility fertility clinics we can find two techniques that help to improve ovarian response when pregnancy is not achieved:

The Dual Stim technique involves two cycles of ovarian stimulation in the same menstrual phase to increase the number of eggs collected, thus improving the chances of obtaining more embryos and therefore increasing success rates.

On the other hand, regenerative medicine, through treatments such as the use of PRP (platelet-rich plasma), seeks to improve the ovarian environment and the number of eggs by promoting tissue repair and regeneration.

Both techniques represent promising advances in improving ovarian response and success rates in IVF. 

Dr. Marta Zermiani

Preventing poor egg quality

As in breast cancer screening , prevention is the best treatment to improve egg quality.

According to Dr. Marta Zermiani, “eating a healthy diet, exercising and limiting smoking or alcohol can improve egg quality. However, techniques in assisted reproduction  have given positive results when a woman with low ovarian reserve achieves pregnancy with her own eggs”.

Addressing egg quality is crucial to increase the chances of success in fertility treatments. The adoption of healthy lifestyle habits, advances in techniques such as Dual Stim and regenerative medicine treatments offer concrete hope for improving the quality and response to treatment, which will increase the chances of success.

“It is essential that women interested in motherhood inform themselves and explore these available options, guided by specialised professionals, in order to make decisions on their path to motherhood”. Dr. Marta Zermiani, a gynaecologist specialising in infertility, points out.

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