IVF with sperm donor in Spain: The step by step at Vida Fertility

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Infertility can lead to a change to donor gametes and with it a genetic grief. In this situation, many individuals and couples find the need to explore reproductive alternatives using donor sperm, an option to fulfil the dream of having a baby.

We spoke to Dr. Álvaro Martínez Moro, director of the Vida Fertility laboratory, about how sperm donors are chosen in Spain, requirements and legislation.


Sperm donor fertility treatments

Each of these fertility treatments is tailored to the individual circumstances of each patient, ensuring a personalised approach to successful pregnancy.

Below, we detail the options for assisted reproduction treatments with sperm donor.

IVF with sperm donor

In Vitro Fertilisation or IVF with sperm donor is a procedure recommended when there are severe male infertility problems or for single women or same-sex couples.

It consists of fertilising the recipient’s eggs with sperm from an anonymous donor in the laboratory, with the aim of obtaining embryos for subsequent transfer to the mother’s uterus.

AI with donor

Artificial Insemination (AI) with donor sperm is a less invasive option than IVF and is mainly used in single women, female couples or heterosexual couples with severe male infertility such as non-obstructive azoospermia. The procedure consists of performing seminal capacitation or selecting the best sperm from the sample for direct introduction into the woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilisation.

Double donation: egg and sperm donor

Egg donation with sperm donor is an option for couples with both female and male infertility, single women or female couples if this is the case. It involves the use of donor eggs and donor sperm to create embryos in the laboratory, which are then transferred into the patient’s uterus.

ROPA Method

The ROPA Method, exclusively for female couples, allows both to actively participate in the conception process.

In order to carry out the ROPA method, it is necessary to carry out a study of both women, thus determining which is the best candidate to carry out the stimulation and which is the best candidate to gestate. In this way, one of the women provides her eggs, which are fertilised in the laboratory with donor sperm, and the resulting embryos are transferred to the uterus of her partner, who will carry out the pregnancy.

Single mothers by choice

Women who choose to embark on the path of single motherhood have several fertility treatment options available to them, including AI, IVF or egg donation, in these cases using donor sperm. These treatments offer the opportunity to conceive safely and effectively, providing the possibility of fulfilling the dream of motherhood.

How to choose a sperm donor in Spain


Choosing a sperm donor in Spain is governed by a strict legal framework designed to protect the health and well-being of both donors and recipients.

In Spain, sperm donation is anonymous, altruistic and voluntary, as established in Law 14/2006 on assisted reproduction techniques.

The legislation prohibits revealing the identity of the donor to the recipients and vice versa.

IVF with sperm donor: Requirements to be a sperm donor in Spain

Although it is not possible to donate sperm at Vida Fertility, in order to be considered suitable as a sperm donor in Spain, candidates must comply with several medical and legal requirements.

  • Age: Donors must be between 18 and 35 years old, an age limit that some clinics may extend to 40 years to ensure sperm quality.
  • Physical and mental health: They must be in excellent physical and mental health. A thorough evaluation is carried out, including family and personal medical history, physical and psychological tests.
  • Free of inherited and sexually transmitted diseases: Donors must be tested for genetic and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) that could affect the health of the future baby.
  • Sperm quality: Donor semen is required to meet specific quality criteria, including sperm concentration, motility and morphology.
  • Informed consent: Donors must provide informed consent after receiving detailed counselling on the process, implications and possible consequences of donation.

Frequently Asked Questions about IVF with sperm donor

Can sperm be donated at Vida Fertility?

Dr. Álvaro Martínez Moro answers

No, at Vida Fertility it is not currently possible to be a sperm donor. We have external sperm donor banks that support us in the choice of the sperm donor. These sperm banks must comply with the requirements for the selection of donors set out in Law 14/2006 on Assisted Human Reproduction.

Phenotypes of donor sperm in the ROPA Method

Dr. Álvaro Martínez Moro responds

When requesting the sperm, the characteristics of the woman who will carry out the pregnancy, the pregnant mother, are taken into account, as established in the Assisted Reproduction Law 14/2006. Although it is true that in the case of not having a donor with all the characteristics of the donor, the characteristics of the couple are taken into account.

Can the patient choose the sperm donor?

Dr. Álvaro Martínez Moro answers

No, as the sperm donation procedure is governed by complete anonymity. The 2006/14 legislation, referring to assisted reproduction techniques, clearly states that:

‘The selection of the sperm donor may only be carried out by the medical team in charge of applying the technique, which is obliged to maintain the anonymity of the donation. Under no circumstances will the recipient be allowed to choose the donor directly. In all cases, the medical team should strive to ensure maximum phenotypic and immunological similarity between the available samples and the recipient woman.

Is it possible to choose the same donor if we want to repeat a fertility treatment?

Dr. Álvaro Martínez Moro answers

These cases require some clarification. The clinic’s team usually prefers that, in the event of an unsuccessful outcome, a change of donor be made in order to seek the greatest benefit for our patients.

In the case of treatments in which the aim is to form a family nucleus, it is important to take this into account as soon as possible in order to be able to reserve the assigned sperm donor.

In any case, if the same sperm donor is requested, it must be taken into account that this donor must not have exceeded a maximum of 6 children.

How much does a treatment with donor sperm cost?

Dr. Álvaro Martínez Moro answers

Donor sperm treatments vary depending on the type of treatment or technique to be carried out and the donor’s genetic tests, among other variables. This cost in Spain can vary significantly depending on the clinic, the geographical location and the services included in the process.

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